The UIS Glossary includes statistical terms related to education, science, technology and innovation, culture, and communication & information . Some of the entries contain translations in one or more of the following languages: Arabic, English, French and Spanish. Other entries provide more detailed information, such as definitions, calculation formulas for indicators and sources. Indicators are marked with an asterisk (*).

This is a dynamic tool, which is regularly updated by the UIS. The Institute welcomes feedback from users. Questions and comments should be sent to uis.information@unesco.org.
Browse by letter
Search by word
  • Language
  • English
  • French
  • Spanish
  • Arabic
  • Russian
  • Chinese
Browse by tag
Show all terms on one page

Contracted-out (external) R&D

Definition
Any creative work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge for developing innovations but performed by other firms (including other firms or subsidiaries within the group) or by public or private research organizations and purchased by the firm.
Source Definition
OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, §317, 322.

R-D extra-muros

Définition
Tout travail créatif entrepris dans le but d’augmenter les connaissances permettant de développer des innovations mais accompli par d’autres entreprises (y compris d’autres entreprises ou filiales du groupe) ou par des organisations de recherches publiques ou privées, puis acheté par la firme.
Source de la définition
OCDE et Eurostat (2005), Manuel d’Oslo : Principes directeurs proposés pour le recueil et l’interprétation des données sur l’innovation, §317,322.

I+D subcontratado

Definición
Cualquier trabajo creativo realizado para aumentar la disponibilidad de conocimientos orientados al desarrollo de innovaciones, pero realizados por otras firmas (incluyendo otras firmas o subsidiarias integrantes del grupo empresarial) o por organizaciones privadas de investigación y adquiridas por la empresa.
Fuente(s) de la definición
OCDE y Eurostat (2005), Manual de Oslo: Directrices para la Recolección e Interpretación de Datos sobre Innovación, §317, 322.