The UIS Glossary includes statistical terms related to education, science, technology and innovation, culture, and communication & information . Some of the entries contain translations in one or more of the following languages: Arabic, English, French and Spanish. Other entries provide more detailed information, such as definitions, calculation formulas for indicators and sources. Indicators are marked with an asterisk (*).

This is a dynamic tool, which is regularly updated by the UIS. The Institute welcomes feedback from users. Questions and comments should be sent to
Browse by letter
Search by word
  • Language
  • English
  • French
  • Spanish
  • Arabic
  • Russian
  • Chinese
Browse by tag
Show all terms on one page
Results 7 - 12 of 134 for science, technology & innovation tag
Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundations of phenomena and observable ...
Business enterprise expenditure on R&D (BERD) represents the component of GERD incurred by units belonging to the Business enterprise sector (see the definition ...
In the context of R&D statistics, the business enterprise sector comprises: • All resident corporations, including not only legally incorporated enterprises ...
All firms in the business sector, which can be disaggregated by economic activity and size class.
Capital R&D expenditures are the annual gross amount paid for the acquisition of fixed assets that are used repeatedly or continuously in the performance ...
Capitalised computer software includes the costs of computer software that is used in the performance of R&D for more than one year. It includes long-term ...